The United States Marine Band is truly what Thomas Jefferson called it, “The President’s Own.” The band has played at almost every presidential inauguration and state dinner since its White House debut on New Year’s Day, 1801. It played when Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address, and it played at President John F. Kennedy’s funeral. Ronald Reagan once called the Marine Band “a national institution and a national treasure.”
The primary purpose of America’s oldest professional music group is to provide music and pageantry for the president and the commandant of the Marine Corps. “Given our mission, we work for whoever is in the office,” says clarinetist and assistant director Jason Fettig. But this being a democratic country and all, the rest of us get to share the privilege. “The band performs in many different capacities,” says Fettig, “and is enjoyed by many different audiences.”
The band gives some 500 public and official performances each year (many of which are free to the public); more than 50 of its performances are held in the D.C. area. The concert on the U.S. Capitol grounds, a tradition started by President Martin Van Buren more than 160 years ago, is perhaps the best-known.
Q: Who signed into law an act of Congress establishing the U.S. Marine Band?
A: President John Adams, on July 11, 1798.Q: Under whose tenure did the famous “Marines’ Hymn” come into being?A: John Philip Sousa, who wrote more than 100 marches.
Q: Which president had the Marine Band play at his White House wedding?
A: Grover Cleveland, when he married Frances Folsom, 21, during his first term.
Q: When did women join the Marine Band?
A: The first woman enlisted in the Marine Band in 1973. Currently, about one-third of the members are women.
But “The President’s Own” plays at the White House for more than 300 occasions each year – though it may assume different forms. A half-dozen ensembles – ranging from a solo violinist in the East Room to all 143 musicians together – may play at any given state dinner. Typically, strolling string players perform during dinner, a dance band plays after dinner and another group may play patriotic music. When the string orchestra plays, it’s always in the grand foyer. Musical styles range from patriotic band selections to pieces written for smaller chamber groups.
“It’s most exciting when we go to the White House to lend entertainment or atmosphere for guests,” says Fettig. “it’s also awe-inspiring to be on the balcony playing a concert for guests on the South Lawn.”
Fettig says musicians must be able to adapt to almost any musical situation or style. Some functions call for a solo from the band’s harpist, for instance; others, a full concert. “We’re one large band, and from that, we can supply a chamber orchestra, a jazz band, a dance band for a state dinner, various chamber ensembles and a country music ensemble,” he says. “It is a challenge to find such versatility.”
As in the past, most of today’s band members attended prestigious music schools. They are selected at highly competitive auditions, then enlist in the Marine Corps for duty solely with the Marine Band. They’ve got some famous shoes to fill, after all. During his dozen years with the band, beginning in 1880, bandmaster and composer John Philip Sousa brought “The President’s Own” to its standard of excellence; in 1891 he initiated the band’s annual concert tour throughout the country. (You can get 2002 concert series information at 202-443-4011 or www.marineband.usmc.mil.)
The band still marches frequently in the footsteps of its famous former director.
“We play the national anthem and ‘Hail to the Chief’ a lot,” Fettig says. “Also Sousa marches; ‘The Stars and Stripes Forever’ is an encore in many of our public concerts.”
Beginning in 1880, bandmaster and composer John Philip Sousa brought “The President’s Own” to its standard of excellence…